This page is designed as a multimedia supplement to the article "Tomorrow will not be like today": Literacy and identity in a world of multiliteracies by Bronwyn T. Williams, published in the Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 51:8, May 2008.

Dramatic Changes in Communication Technologies

"Yet the change in communication technologies that seems to happen almost daily is both real and dramatic in the ways it is changing how young people read and write with words and images." (p. 682)

Did You Know Videos

Created by Karl Fisch and Scott McLeod, designed by XPLANE: The visual thinking company




Shift Happens

See additional resources on the Shift Happens wiki

2 Million Minutes

For more on Education in America, China, and India, see 2 Million Minutes: A Documentary Film on Global Education and the sequel 2 Million Minutes: The 21st Century Solution

Flat Classroom Project

For a great example of students communicating, collaborating, and creating across cultures, see the Flat Classroom Project created by Vicki Davis and Julie Lindsay

Skype Hype

Another popular way to communicate globally is through Skype



Digital Natives/Digital Immigrants

"(and if you don't understand all the references and abbreviations, that is just another example of the differences between generations)" (p. 682)

Characteristics of Digital Natives

Digital Native on Wikipedia

Originally described by Marc Prensky

The 21st-Century Digital Learner: How tech-obsessed iKids would improve our schools by Marc Prensky

Digital Generation Project
from Edutopia: The George Lucas Educational Foundation
Today's kids are born digital -- born into a media-rich, networked world of infinite possibilities. But their digital lifestyle is about more than just cool gadgets; it's about engagement, self-directed learning, creativity, and empowerment. The Digital Generation Project tells their stories so that educators and parents can understand how kids learn, communicate, and socialize in very different ways than any previous generation.

Digital Natives project
Digital Natives is an interdisciplinary collaboration of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University and the Research Center for Information Lawat the University of St. Gallen. Our aim is to understand and support young people as they grow up in a digital age. Within the project, we make use of a variety of methods to investigate a range of themes pertaining to young people and their use of technologies. Our outputs range from academic publications to hands-on legal, educational, and technological interventions.

Born Digital: Understanding the First Generation of Digital Natives by John Palfrey and Urs Gasser

Grown Up Digital by Don Tapscott

The Voices of College Students, K-12 Students, and 3 Year Olds







Educating Students in the Digital Age





Problematizing the Digital Natives/Digital Immigrants Dichotomy

Are All Youths Digital Natives?

Digital Natives Data

Teens on the Pew Internet and American Life Project
Adolescents have been called "digital natives," but data suggests that they are both comfortable with new technologies, and yet not always as technically savvy as we collectively believe them to be.


Our Digital Landscape

From Wes Fryer's blog post "Beyond the digital native/immigrant dichotomy"
Our_Digital_Landscape_rev2.jpg

Opposing Viewpoints

Is Google Making Us Stupid? by Nicholas Carr, published in the July/August 2008 issue of the Atlantic Monthly
The Dumbest Generation: How the Digital Age Stupefies Young Americans and Jeopardizes Our Future (Or, Don't Trust Anyone Under 30)
Don Tapscott responds to the idea of the "dumbest generation"



Web 2.0: The Read/Write Web

"It is clear that the changes in literacy practices created by rapidly evolving online technologies have many implications for how we teach reading and writing." (p. 683)

"The Machine Is Us/ing Us"

by Prof. Michael Wesch

"Web 2.0 in just under 5 minutes. [Wesch] was inspired to make this video while writing a paper about web 2.0. Struggling to find a way to put it into words, [he] decided to make this video to show it rather than tell it." (YouTube)



A poetic transcription of the video is available here
For more interesting videos by Wesch, visit his Mediated Cultures website; be sure to watch the Information R/evolution
"Anti-teaching: Confronting the Crisis of Significance"
Anti-Teaching: Confronting the Crisis of Significance

The Person of the Year is YOU

See the cover article on Time magazine's person of the year 2006
Time_Person_of_Year_2006.jpg

Web 2.0 means everyone with Internet access can be a "prosumer" of web content
The term "prosumer" comes from Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything by Don Tapscott

Immigrating from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0

Derek Wenmoth created this diagram to "illustrate how many participants in the online environment move through phases as they gain understanding and confidence." (Participation Online - The Four Cs )
4Cs_large.jpg


Will Richardson on the Read/Write Web





More from Will Richardson at his outstanding blog, Weblogg-ed: learning with the read/write web
And his Weblogged wiki, especially A Web of Connections...Why the Read Write Web Changes Everything

Web 2.0 in Plain English

For short, simple, straightforward explanation of blogs, wikis, podcasting, RSS, Twitter, social bookmarking and other Web 2.0 tools, check out the Common Craft videos.


Identity Issues

" . . . how these changes alter issues of identity as well as how they create new challenges when students read and write" (p. 683)

Digital Footprints

MIT Personas Project: How does the Internet see you?



Privacy and Security





Positive Impacts of Internet on Society



Witness: See it. Film it. Change it.
"Witness uses video and online technologies to open the eyes of the world to human rights violations."


Mass Collaboration

The Wisdom of Crowds by James Surowiecki
Here Come Everybody by Clay Shirky
We-think: mass innovation, not mass production by Charles Leadbeater
Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything by Don Tapscott
UsNow: A film project about the power of mass collaboration, government and the internet

New Literacies


Multimodal Literacy

Definition and Resources from NCTE (archived page)
Multimodal Key Terms (archived page)

"the meaning of text has not expanded . . ." (Ajayi, 2009, p. 586)

21st Century Literacy